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2005年在职攻读硕士专业学位全国联考英语样题

作者:导航工作人员 时间:2012-01-13 17:18 来源:导航考验

PartDialogue  Comunication  (15 minutes,15 points)

Section A Dialogue Completion

Directions:In this section , you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

1.     Speaker A: Operator, I want to make a person-to-person call to Toronto, Canada. The number is 932-0806.

Speaker B:______

A.     But I don’t know whom do you want to call.

B.     What’s the name of the party you’re calling?

C.     What’s the address of the person you’re calling?

D.     What’s the extension number you’re calling?

2.     Speaker A: Excuse me ,do you have small change for a dollar?

Speaker B:______

A.     Why do you want to change?

B.     Is it my business?

C.     Are dimes and quarters OK?

D.     You shouldn’t ask a stranger for change;

3.     Speaker A:: It seems to be clearing uop.

Speaker B:______

A.   It’s such a nice change.

B.   I don’t think this weather will last.

C.   I hope it stays warm.

D.   As long as it rains.

4.     Speaker A: You don’t have to play that record so loud, do you?

Speaker B:_______

A.     Yes. I didn’t mean to disturb you.

B.     Sorry I don’t have to. I can turn it down a little.

C.     Yes, sorry. Am I keeping you awake?

D.     Sorry, I didn’t  realize you were trying to sleep.

5.     Speaker A: You are more beautiful in that red sweater!

Speaker B:_______

A.       Oh, no. It’s just an old one, and I have had it for years.

B.       Yes. I think it goes nicely with my pants.

C.       Thank you . My mom knitted it for me some years ago.

D.       Oh, but I’m not sure if it suits me.

Section B  Dialogue Comprehension

Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between a man and a woman . At the end of each conversation there is a question followed by four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the four choices given and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

6.     Woman: Why don’t you drive to the university?

Man:I like cycling . And there are more bicycles than cars on the campus.

Question:What does the man imply?

A.    Most people in the university like driving cars.

B.    Most people in the university like riding bicycles.

C.    Driving cars is not allowed in the university.

D.       The campus is near, so he doesn’t have to drive to it.

7.     Woman: I hear you still need $2.000 for the project. But why don’t you ask John to help? He has money to burn, you know?

Man:Ask John? I’ll save my breath. The wealthiest are usually mean.

Question: What does the man mean?

A.       People with a lot of money are usually helpful.

B.       People with a lot of money are usually vicious.

C.       People with a lot of money are usually not generous.

D.       People with a lot of money are usually not trustworthy.

8.     Man: I hear that the research center has chosen Frank as head of the team. Is that true?

Woman: You said it. But they must have been out of mind in the choice!

Question: What does the woman mean?

A.       The research center has made a good choice.

B.       The research center has made a stupid choice.

C.       The research center is enthusiastic about choosing the head.

D.       The research center hasn’t made a choice yet.

9.     Woman:I was greatly impressed by Frank’s oil paintings.

Man:But in the art of oil paintings, Bill is above all the others.

Question:What does the man mean?

A.   Frank’s oil paintings are not good at all.

B.   Frank’s oil paintings are as good as Bill’s.

C.   Neither Frank’s nor Bill’s oil paintings are good.

D.   Bill’s oil paintings are better than Frank’s.

10.  Woman: Mark, did you tell Allen to bring his camera?

Man: Whether or not Allen is willing to bring his camera, we can still take some pictures . You can always count on me.

Question:What does the man mean?

A.   He has brought a camera himself.

B.   He can never count on Allen.

C.   Allen is willing to bring his camera.

D.   They will wait for Allen to take pictures.

PartVocabulary and Structure (20 minutes,10 points)

Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

11. A library in ancient Egypt was ______“The Healing Place of the Soul.”

A. called            B. called as

C. being called       D. called by

12.    Plants and animals flourish only______certain physical conditions are present.

A . where            B.while

C. until              D.unless

13.    In the United States, one_______six wage earners makes a living in or related to the automobile industry.

A. about             B. by

C. as for             D. out of

14.    As a pastime, coin collection provides hours of pleasure and the satisfaction of _______the collection grow.

A. storing            B. protecting

C. watching          D. remembering

15.    Statistics______in the claims of dvertisers, in opinion polls, and in reports of business trends and cycles.

A. has appeared         B. appears

C. appear              D. appearing

16.    If governments stopped adopting trade policies, the world_______an economic condition called free trade.

A. can have            B. would have

C. will have            D. may have

17.    If our_____is correct, the spacecraft should reach the moon on Monday.

A. calculation           B. composition

C. communication       D. vision

18.    One of the first metals put______by early human beings was copper.

A. into use             B. for use

C. in use               D. to use

19.    Modern________lighting, howeyer, is now almost as good as daylight, so long as too strong light is avoided.

A. artificial            B. unusual

C. unreal              D. faked

20.    It is doubtful whether infants could survive outside the______network of the family.

A. moderate           B. suspicious

C. intimate           D.generous

21.    The_______of the Titanic was found in September 1985, but recovering it is a very difficult prospect.

A. crash             B.wreck

C. spot              D.tragedy

22.    All acceptance of religion is based on belief , not on the weight of evidence or the________ of reasonable conclusious.

A. bearing           B. building

C. crossing          D. the reaching

23.________by mean of words can the writer persuade a person of the truth in what he says or make anyone care about it.

A. Obviously         B. only

C. When             D. Unless

24. Contract rights, as a type of property, may be sold or otherwise______from one person or institution to another.

A. extended          B. transferred

C. claimed           D. bargained

25. Inflation causes society to use more of its resources for today’s purposes and to _______less for tommorrow’s needs .

A.   make up         B. check up

C. set aside          D. work out

26. Although all the obligations are not_______set out in the wedding ceremony itself, they are part of the law of every nation.

A. regularly           B. specifically

C. systematically       D. optimistically

27. While the scientists were at work in their laboratories, other men______to cope with living things in their natural settings.

A. had continued       B. would continue

C.were continuing      D. would have continued

28. The purpose was ______knowledge more meaningful so that it could be understood instead of being mechanically memorized.

A. to make            B. making

C. for making          D. of making

29. The guess is that when the figures_______, the November unemployment rate will be 5.6 percent, up from 5.4 in October.

A. come out           B. come off

C. come about         D. come true

30. Some government programs are limited to specific groups within the population, such as_______,members of the armed forces, and government employees.

A. vehicle            B. vibration

C. veterans           D. vessel

 

PartReading Comprehension(40 minutes,40 point)

Directions: www.mpacc.net.cn There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. www.mpacc.net.cn

 

Passage One

Writing, as a career, offers a range of personal rewards. It enables people to express themselves, as well as to entertain, inform, and influence others. With only a few tools—paper, a typewriter, a pencil, and often a personal computer—a writer can have an impact on the surrounding world . But most autors spend hundreds of hours perfecting their skills before they can sell any of their works.

A person who wants to be a writer should set aside some time to write every day. Learning to express ideas clearly and effectively in writing takes a great deal of practice. Many experienced writers keep a journal. A journal can serve as a storehouse for information, observations, and ideas . It can also be a place to develop new material.

Beginning writers should read many kinds of writing encountered every day and pay special attention to what they find most interesting . News items, feature stories , textbooks, cookbooks, repair manuals, poems, essays, short stories, novels, and plays differ in their methods of organizing and presenting material. A beginning writer who reads widely and carefully will develop an appreciation of different writing approaches and styles. In time, the writer can acquire a more flexible approach to his or her own work.

Successful authors write about subjects they know and understand. They sometimes take weeks or months revising or refining an article , poem, or story. Beginning writers usually benefit from finding one or more friendly critics who will read their work and discuss its strengths and weaknesses with them.

High schools and colleges offer many learning opportunities for young writers. Composition and literature courses can be helpful. Creative writing and journlism courses may further assist a beginning writer in developing his or her skills. Many students work on literary magazines, newspapers, or yearbooks published by their schools. They may write stories, edit articles, or gain other valuable experience.

31. How important is writing according to this passage?

A.   People benefit a lot from writing.

B.   We are entertained with different writings.

C.   Writing can influence the world.

D.   Books can be an important part of an industry.

32. What does a journal NOT help to contribute?

A. Service.              B. Information.

C. Observations.          D. Ideas.

33. What should a beginning writer do to enjoy different writing styles?

A.   He or she should read as much of writing as possible.

B.   He or she should study different writing methods.

C.   He or she should learn the ways to present materials.

D.   He or she should carefully read as many kinds of writing as possible

34. Which of the following should a beginning writer avoid in order to improve his or her writing?

A.   Developing new subjects.          B. Finding helpful critics

C. Attending writing courses          D. Doing editing work

35. Whom do you think this passage is most probably addressed to?

A. Most writers                    B. Successful writers.

C. Beginning writers.                D. College students.

 

Passage Two

Tracking down cybercriminals who steal credit card numbers, transfer money from other people’s accounts, or e-mail viruses around the world takes a knowledge of the technology used to  commit the crimes. Intead of using fingerprints or following suspects, government agents painstakingly sort out the mess of number and symbols and letters that can lead them back through the computer system to the cybercriminals.

One such investigation led to the arrest of the man accused of sending the extremely dangerous Melissa virus, a computer virus that destroyed files in computers around the world in the spring of 1999. The agents received help from online service technicians, software experts, and a computer-science student. All helped to trace the complex pathways of the virus back to the telephone line and computer of the man who released it.

In another case, agents worked for two years to catch a cybercriminal who was, among other offenses, stealing credit card numbers. Agents found him by tracing a path from a computer he broke into to the mobile telephone he had used, which led to his address—and arrest.

The gobernment agents are also working to block cybercriminals who could cut off power and confuse telephone companies.”Think of the consequences if  the power went out for a week—not in just one town or city but down the whole Eat Coast,” says Michael Vatis, an FBI agent. From TVs to hospital equipment, all would fail.

Makaveli and TooShort were arrested for the charges of breaking into computers. They were given probation, required to perform community service, and prevented from having home computers with modems. Punishment for adults can be more severe and usually includes some jail time.

Most people use their computers legally. For the few who don’t , however, cyberpolice and better security systems will make it harder for cybercriminals to get away with their crimes.

36.What should be known to catch cybercriminals?

A.   Credit card numbers.

B.   Suspects’fingerprints.

C.   The technology used to commit the crimes.

D.   Numbers, symbols and letters.

37. How dangerous was Melissa virus back in 1997?

A.   It destroyed computer files worldwide

B.    Many agents took up the case

C.    Technicians, experts, and a student were investigated

D.    Telephone lines and computes were destroyed.

38. How serious could a computer crime become?

A.   Many telephone companies would go bankrupt.

B.   A city would be thrown into darkness.

C.   Power would be out down the east coast for a week.

D.   There would be no more television programs to watch.

39. What can we infer about the process of catching computer criminals from the passage?

A.   It could be dangerous.

B.   It is rather complicated to identify the cybercriminals.

C.   It would cause a huge loss.

D.   It has been a severe punishment.

40. The last sentence of the passage may serve as a_____?

A. warning             B. complaint

C.suggestion            D. command

 

Passage Three

Earth’s most rich resource—water—has become one of the most precious resources in the United States as rivers, lakes, and freshwater reservoirs are increasingly exploited for human use . Consequently, using precision farming techniques to refine” irrigation scheduling ” is a research area of particular interest to Susan Moran, a researcher with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. She explains that in the southwest, irrigation is both difficult and expensive .There, she says, farmers have a tendency to  over-irrigate, spending both more time and money than is necessary.

“I’m trying to provide new information that could be used by farmers to schedule irrigations to improve their profitability and use less water, ” Moran says. “Farmes often look at weather changes and then schedule irrigation based on that information .But if they had better information , they could use scientific models to compute more precisely how much water their crop is using.”

Rather than guessing their crop’s potential need for water based upon weather changes, farmers can use remote sensors to measure how much water their crop is actually using. This would give them a more accurate measure of how much more water it needs.

Moran believes that if farmers are getting good and timely measurements of plant and air temperature, then they can program when and how much water to give each crop through an irrigation system. No more water would be used than needed, thus saving cost and conserving water.

Moran introduces one study she conducted in Arizona to investigate the use of remote sensing data for scheduling cotton irrigations. Typically, those farmers irrigate ten times per growing season, but evidence showed that some of those farmers could achieve basically the same harvest with only nine irrigations.

“In those cases , one less irrigation saved more than all the cost of remote sensing data, ” she states. “Both irrigation and satellite remote sensing data are expensive. But then again many farmers are used to working together as a group. They are used to sharing. I’m hoping they could do the same with remote sensing data—purchase one scene over a large area to cover many farms, which would further reduce the cost.”

41. What does Moran think is the problem with farmers?

A. Over-used reservoirs.            B. Precision farming.

C. Irrigation researches.             D. Over-irrigation.

42. How can farmers get the new information about their crop?

A.   To reschedule irrigation as required

B.   To watch weather changes regularly

C.   To use remote sensors as the researchers suggest.

D.   To use computers since computing is more reliable.

43. What do farmers check up on when they decide how much water each crop needs?

A. Profitability.                   B. Remote sensors.

C. Air temperature.                D. The cost.

44. Why does Moran introduce the study she carried out in Arizona?

A.   To investigate the use of remote sensing data.

B.   To support her viewpoint in the previous paragraph.

C.   To show how farmers can reap a harvest.

D.   To criticize those farmers who used to much water.

45. What is among the best possible ways to help save farmers’ money?

A. Changing irrigation.          B. Sharing sensing data.

C. Buying one computer.        D. Extending the farms.

 

Passage Four

Now state governments are getting up to speed. Rather than hundreds of different agencies setting up their own sites, the content available on the Web is now managed from the top. The hope is this centralized approach will lead to better customer relations and efficiency. One supporter estimates the streamlined approach can save $300 million a year in California alone.

California is the most recent in a string of states to use technology to make its dealings with the public more pleasant. Through California’s new website, citizens can check on the status of tax returns, register vehicles, apply for fishing or hunting licenses, and make appointments at the Department of Motor Vehicles, among other things. These are all tasks that would have previously required more time on the part of the consumer, and more money and employees on the government side.

“If we save each person one hour per year of standing in line , that will save California’s citizens about $300 million,” said Carlo Grifone, principal at Deloitte Consulting. “That does not even account for the amount of money and time the government saves by becoming more efficient.”

Last September, when California undertook the project of updating its website, it was like many states: The site was filled with out-of –date information (including year-old budget documents) and had limited ability to update information, let alone perform services.

Arun Baheti, California’s director of e-government, decided to model California’s site after those of the private sector firms in nearby Silicon Valley. “People were using California’s website to look up the address of the closest Department of Motor Vehicles or to find the email address of the closest Department of Motor Vehicles or to find the email address of their senator,” Baheti said. “We wanted people to be able to do much more than that.”

In order to give California’s site a private sector feel, Baheti enlisted five leading IT companies to put the site together. In under four months. California went from way behind the private sector to a point at which Grifone says they have “leapfrogged the private sector.”

Using the idea of “one government, one person.” Said Grifone, state governments will take the private sector approach to the public sector. www.mpacc.net.cn

46. How are state governments improving their management?

A.   Officials are getting up earlier for work.

B.   The agencies are competing to set up their own websites.

C.   The governments are streamlining their website content.

D.   The departments are conducting some business with customers.

47 What do the citizens benefit from the new California’s website?

A.   They can find out how much tax they will receive.

B.   They are selling their cars on the website.

C.   They often ask questions and talk to fishing and hunting partners on line.

D.   They do not have to spend so much time getting things done in the government departments.

48. California’s website before last September was introduced by the writer to ______.

A. make an inference             B. make a contrast

C. clarify the word “website”       D. enhance a description.

49. What can be inferred about the drive for an e-government discussed in the passage?

A.   California’s government is run with less expenses.

B.   Californians are now having more conveniences offered by their government.

C.   “One government, one person” means less employment.

D.   Governments have become highly efficient as a result.

50. What is the philosophy behind the effort of updating California’s website?

A.    Governments should treat citizens in the way private businesses treat their customers.

B.    The whole government can be reduced to be managed by only one person.

C.    E-government is inevitably the trend which we should support.

D.      Technology is the key element in restructuring a government.

www.mpacc.net.cn

Part  Cloze Test (15 minutes,10 points)

Directions:There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

In just eight years, by 2010, there will be 58 million jobs in the United States, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The bureau  51  between now and 2010 some 22 million new jobs will be created . And 36 million more 52  will result from retirements and others who drop out of the workforce.

Nearly all that job53 , incidentally, will come in the service sector. Manufacturing jobs will grow at only54  of a percent annually. That’s not because those jobs are going overseas, by the way . Blame the slow growth in manufacturing  55  the fast growth in manufacturing productivity.

Ed Potter, president of the Employment Policy Foundations in Washington, said the fountation’s analysis of job growth and what’s  56  happening in education show we could be as  57  as 3.5 million professionals at the end of this decade.

Despite the current recession and layoffs, a  58   of employers by the National Association of Manufacturers found 80 percent of companies say a severe shortage of qualified job  59  already exists. And 60 percent of those companies said the lack of skilled workers is  60 their ability to produce goods and services they could sell.

51. A.persists    B.predicts    C. interprets    D.distinguishes

52.A.openings   B.people     C.employees    D.occupations

53.A.seekers    B.interviews  C.growth       D.application

54.A.three-tenths B.third-ten    C.third-tenth    D.thirds-ten

55.A.for       B.with        C.on          D.above

56.A.reliably   B.currently    C .fortunately   D.definitely

57.A.many     B.strong      C.on          D.short

58.A.survey    B.lot         C.show        D.group

59.A.increase   B.candidates   C.decline      D.interviewers

60.A.influencing B.effecting    C.affecting     D.enhancing

 

PartTranslation (30 minutes, 10 points)

Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

Locating a book online is one thing, reading it is quite another, for there is no artistically sensible substitute for the physical object . The computer revolution rolls on pitilessly, but the world is reading more paper books than ever. Indeed, so far from destroying libraries, the internet has protected the written word as never before, and rendered knowledge genuinely democratic. Enthusiasts always attack the libraries first, dictators seek to control the literature, elites keep hidden the knowledge that is power, With the online library, the books are finally safe, and the book destroyers have been beaten , for ever.

But the traditional library will also survive, because a library is central to our understanding of what it is to be human. Ever since the first clay tablets were collected in Mesopotamia, Man has wanted not merely to obtain and master knowledge, but to preserve it , to hold it in his hand. Moreover, libraries are not just for reading in, but for sociable thinking, exploring, and exchanging ideas. They were never silent and technology will not change that. Finding a book online should be the beginning, not the end , of the process of discovery.

 

PartWriting(30 minutes, 15 points)

Directions: You are to write in no less than 120 words about the title“The Necessary Knowledge of the English Language for the On-the-job Graduate Students.”You should base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1.      在职攻读硕士学位研究生应具备相应的英语水平,其原因是……

2.      在职攻读硕士学位研究生应重点提高某项英语语言技能,其原因是……

3.      如何提高这一语言技能。

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政治导学基础班
2011年10月
   至
2012年3月
学院路(化工
白颐路(北大、理工)
昌平校区
《马克思主义基本原理概论》
《毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义概论》
《中国近现代史》
《思想道德修养与法律基础》
《形势与政策》
《当代世界经济与政治》
《阅读精编》
《写作精编》
《翻译精编》
《完型精编》
《核心词汇精编》
《历年真题》
《高数要点精编》
《线代要点精编》
《概率要点精编》
《历年真题》
《考研数学必备手册》
10学时
280
英语导学基础班
10学时
280
数学导学基础班
10学时
280


政治暑期强化班
7月-8月
学院路(化工)
白颐路(北大、理工)
昌平校区
70学时
760
英语暑期强化班
70学时
760
数学暑期强化班
110学时
760
政治暑期秋季班
9月11月
节假日
70学时
760
英语暑期秋季班
70学时
760
数学暑期秋季班
110学时
760





政治冲刺班
11月-12月
学院路(化工)
白颐路(北大、理工
昌平校区
20学时
420
英语冲刺班
20学时
420
数学冲刺班
20学时
420
形势与政策
10月-11月
2.5学时
190





政治精度质量测评
11月-12月
学院路(化工)
白颐路(北大、理工)
昌平校区
4学时
280
英语精度质量测评
280
数学精度质量测评
280
政治点题班
1月
200
英语点题班
200
数学点题班
200

1、本课表为参考样表,实际课表会根据复习进度有所调整(例如,后期会增加模拟考试,答题技巧课等),请同学们以集训营所发课表为准!
2、课下辅导内容包括复习指导,自测,作业,答疑等根据学员实际情况而定。
3、由于课表为公共课一上课时间,专业课辅导时间会根据每个同学的实际情况进行安排。


257期(周三发刊)

2013年导航考研公开课经典面授课程
课程名称 授课时间 授课地点 学时 优惠价
考研全程策划班 2011年
9月至
2012年
1月具体
开课时
间根据
教育部
新考纲
最终确
各大学 就近 开课 4 学 时 200
政治起点班 200
政治先行班 300
政治新大纲精讲班 200
命题走向与答题解密班 200
英语起点班 200
英语先行班 300
数学起点班 200
数学先行班 300
专业课全程策划班 200
复试全程策划班 200
专业院校策划班 300
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